Labrador Retriever Dog Breed Info

Hello, potential Labrador Retriever owners! Considering one of these lively, loveable dogs for your family? You’re in the right place! Labradors, one of the UK’s favourite breeds, are renowned for their hardworking origins and friendly nature.

We’ll cover their fascinating history, from helping fishermen in Canada to becoming beloved British pets. We’ll examine their physical traits, coat colours, grooming needs, and more. Plus, we’ll touch on their bubbly temperament, their suitability for families, their trainability, and their health and exercise needs.

So, settle in, and let’s discover why the Labrador breed might be the perfect addition to your family

Vital Stats:

Size: Large breed

Size of Home: Large house

Grooming: Once a week

Coat: Short

Sheds: Yes

Exercise: Daily walks or runs that last at least 30 minutes

Life Span: 10 to 14 years

Breed Group: Gundog

Temperament: Friendly, intelligent, loyal, loving companions and enthusiastic nature

What are The Physical Characteristics of the Labrador Retriever?

Size and Build

Labrador Retrievers are robust, athletic dogs with a solid build. They typically stand between 57 to 62 centimetres tall and weigh anywhere from 25 to 36 kilograms, depending on whether they’re a chap or a lass.

Male Labradors are generally a bit bigger than the females, but they both remain within the standard size range for the breed. They have well-proportioned, muscular bodies and strong legs that provide them with remarkable endurance and strength.

Coat Colours

Labradors come in three official colours: black, yellow lab, and chocolate lab. While these are the most common hues for Labradors, genetic factors can influence variations in their coat colour.

This means that you may see some Labradors with even more vibrant shades of these likes, such as deep red or light grey (also known as the silver labrador retriever). Additionally, some Labradors may even have “dilute” versions of colour, such as a blue-tinged black.

There’s also a special mention of Golden Retriever Labradors. While these cuties are not recognised by the Kennel Club as an official coat colour, they’re still highly sought after due to their gorgeous golden coats [1].

Pro Tip: A black labrador retriever is the most common colour for the breed, but if you’re looking to stand out from the crowd, you may want to consider a more unique colour.

What grooming does a Labrador need?

Grooming and Moulting

Labradors are easy to groom due to their double coat, consisting of a soft, downy undercoat and a weather-resistant top coat.

This means they’re well protected from the elements and don’t require as frequent baths as other breeds.

However, they do moult throughout the year and will need regular brushing with a slicker brush such as this one to keep their coat in top condition.

We suggest brushing your Labrador at least once a week and more often during the moulting season ( Spring & Autumn).

This will help loosen and remove any dead hair while distributing the oils from their skin across their coat, keeping it healthy and glossy.

Finally, Labradors are prone to drooling (not attractive), particularly after meals or when they’ve had a drink of water.

To keep this under control, try to wipe down their face with a damp cloth regularly. This can help keep their facial fur clean and free from the dreadful drool.

Pro Tip: Check for any mats or tangles in your Labrador’s fur and brush them out gently if needed.

Allergies and Labradors – Are Labradors Hypoallergenic?

An adult Labrador retriever is not hypoallergenic, which means it can trigger allergies in those who are sensitive to pet dander.

If you or someone in your family suffers from allergies, take extra precautions when considering a Labrador as a pet. This could involve buying special brushes and taking them on regular trips to the groomer for professional fur trimming if your budget allows.

Pro Tip: If you suffer from allergens, you may want to invest in a good air purifier and vacuum cleaner with anti-allergen features.

Finally, be sure to give your Labrador regular baths and brush them often to keep their fur clean and free of any dander or allergens.

With these precautions in place, you can rest assured that you can still enjoy the company of a lovable Labrador without triggering allergies for yourself or anyone else in your family.

Does a Labrador Retriever have a good temperament?

General Temperament

Labradors are renowned for their friendly and enthusiastic nature. They are often described as:

  • Intelligent
  • Loyal
  • Loving companions

Labradors love to play and can be quite mischievous at times, so it’s important to give them plenty of physical and mental stimulation throughout the day. Their intelligence makes them the perfect breed to be trained as assistance dogs, guide dogs, and search and rescue dogs.

Unfortunately, their naturally high energy levels and over-friendliness can lead to some common issues for owners. These include:

  • Barking
  • Digging
  • Jumping up on people when they’re excited

Labradors are naturally inclined to water activities, so it’s important to get them used to the idea of swimming from an early age.

Labradors are naturally inclined to water activities

Start by introducing your Labrador pup to a shallow pool or lake and let them explore the water at their own pace.

Once they’re comfortable, you can start to play fetch in the water – Labradors love this type of game, and it’s great exercise.

Do Labrador Retrievers make good family pets?

Labradors are an ideal companion for active and outdoorsy families. Their remarkable strength and endurance suit them for long hikes, bike rides, or swimming.

Furthermore, they have a cheerful, loyal, and devoted temperament that makes them a great family pet. Plus, their enthusiasm and eagerness to please their owners make them easy to train.

Labradors are also known for their over-friendliness

That said, Labradors are also known for their over-friendliness and tendency to bark, which can be problematic if not managed correctly.

As such, it’s important for owners to make sure they have the time and energy to devote to training their pup in order to avoid any behavioural issues.

Can Labradors Be Left Alone?

Labradors, as a breed, are known for their sociable and friendly nature. They thrive on companionship and interaction, whether it’s with their human family or other pets.

This inherent need for company is a crucial aspect to consider when considering leaving your Labrador alone.

The Impact of Alone Time on Labradors

Leaving a Labrador alone for extended periods can lead to feelings of loneliness and boredom.

Given their high energy levels and intelligence, Labradors need mental and physical stimulation throughout the day (like walkies before leaving them alone).

Without it, they can become restless and may resort to destructive behaviors such as chewing furniture or excessive barking.

Training Labradors to Handle Alone Time

While Labradors generally prefer company, they can be trained to handle alone time. This involves gradually acclimating them to being alone, starting with short periods and gradually increasing the duration.

According to the RSPCA, Labradors should be able to tolerate up to four hours of alone time without too much distress [2].

Considerations for Leaving Labradors Alone

Before leaving your Labrador alone, ensure they’ve had enough exercise and have access to food, water, and a comfortable place to rest. Also, consider the age and health of your Labrador.

Puppies and older dogs may need more frequent attention. According to Purina, puppies should not be left alone for more than two hours [3].

Older dogs may also find it difficult to cope with long periods of alone time due to age-related issues such as arthritis and needing to pee more frequently.

Remember, every Labrador is unique, and what works for one may not work for another. It’s important to understand your Labrador’s individual needs and temperament when planning to leave them alone.

Training your Labrador Retriever

Basic Training Tips

The Labrador Retriever is an incredibly intelligent breed that loves to please its owners, making it a great choice for training. Basic training can involve teaching your pup commands such as “sit”, “stay” and “come” as well as socializing them with other people and animals.

CommandPurposeTraining Tips
SitFor control and discipline.Hold a treat near the dog’s nose, move hand up, causing the dog’s head to follow and bottom to lower. Once in position, say “sit”, give the treat.
StayFor safety.Ask the dog to “sit”, open your palm and say “stay”. Take steps back. If the dog stays, give a treat. Gradually increase distance.
ComeTo recall your dog.With a leash on, go down to their level and say “come” while gently pulling the leash. Reward them when they come to you.
DownTo get your dog to lie down.Hold a treat in your closed hand. Bring your hand to the dog’s snout and then move your hand to the floor. Slide your hand along the ground to encourage the dog to follow. Once in the down position, say “down” and give them the treat.
Leave itTo prevent the dog from grabbing things.Hold a treat in both hands. Show them one enclosed fist with the treat inside, and say, “leave it.” Ignore the behaviors they throw at you to get the treat, and once they stop trying, give them the treat from the other hand.
HeelTo keep your dog close during walks.Start with your dog sitting at your left side. With a treat in your left hand, say “heel” and start walking. If your dog stays with you, give the treat as a reward.
OffTo discourage jumping.When your dog jumps up, turn your back and say “off”. When all four paws are on the ground, give praise and a treat.
Drop itTo let go of items.When your dog has something in their mouth, hold a treat in front of their nose and say “drop it”. When they drop the item, give the treat.
FetchFor play and exercise.Throw a toy and say “fetch”. When your dog picks up the toy, call them back with “come”, then have them “drop it”. Give praise and a treat.
Roll overFor play and mental stimulation.With your dog in a “down” position, hold a treat near their nose and move your hand around their head to encourage them to roll over. Say “roll over” and give the treat when they do.
Paw/Shake handsFor interaction and play.With your dog in a “sit” position, say “paw” and tap their paw. When they lift their paw, shake it and give a treat.
WaitTo prevent rushing out doors or from crates.With a door or crate between you, say “wait”. Open the door/crate. If your dog waits, give a treat. If they try to rush through, close the door/crate and try again.
Find itFor games and mental stimulation.Hide a treat or toy, then say “find it”. Praise and reward your dog when they find the hidden item.
Bed/Go to your placeFor control and calming.Point to the bed or designated place and say “bed” or “go to your place”. When your dog goes there, give a treat.

Positive reinforcement techniques such as treats, praise, and verbal rewards are key to successful training.

It’s also important to start training your pup from a young age – they’re more likely to pick up new commands and habits the earlier you start. Furthermore, regular repetition and consistency during training sessions will help ensure that your pup grasps the concepts quickly.

Finally, make sure to keep training sessions short to avoid boredom. This will ensure that your pup stays engaged and interested in the lesson – so you can look forward to more successful (and enjoyable) training sessions.

Health and nutrition for your Labrador Retriever

Switching gears, let’s focus on a vital topic – your Labrador’s health and nutrition. A clear understanding of their common health challenges, coupled with proper feeding guidelines, can go a long way in promoting your Lab’s well-being.

Common Labrador Health Issues

  • Hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia
  • Eye problems, such as progressive retinal atrophy
  • Heat exhaustion or heatstroke
  • Gastric dilatation volvulus (also known as gastric torsion)
  • Obesity or weight gain
  • Skin allergies and irritations
  • Ear infections
  • Heart diseases
  • Joint issues

What are Labrador Feeding & Nutrition Guidelines

Proper nutrition and health of your Labrador Retriever breed are essential for their overall well-being. An understanding of common health issues they may face and the specific feeding guidelines that should be followed.

When it comes to feeding, Labradors require a balance of protein, carbohydrates and fats in order for these large breed dogs to stay healthy.

The amount you feed will depend on your pup’s age, size and activity level – puppies need more food than adult dogs, while active Labs need more calories than those who are less active.

Generally speaking, an adult Labrador should consume 2-3 cups of high-quality dry dog food daily (divided into two meals). Special dietary considerations such as grain-free diets or low-fat diets may also be necessary, depending on your pet’s individual needs.

What are the exercise needs of a Labrador Retriever?

Exercise Requirements

Labradors are highly energetic and active dogs that require a lot of exercises to stay healthy and happy. Exercise helps keep them physically fit, mentally stimulated, and can help reduce behavioural issues such as barking or destructive tendencies.

Ideally, Labradors should be taken on daily walks or runs that last at least 30 minutes, as well as engaging in other physical activities such as fetch or swimming.

The frequency and intensity of your pup’s exercise is appropriate for their age, size and health status – puppies should be given shorter walks at a slower pace than adult dogs.

In addition to physical exercise, it’s also important for Labradors to receive mental stimulation.

Puzzle interactive dog toys and games, such as hide and seek or agility courses, can help keep their minds active.

Check out our Anti-bark collar guide. An anti-bark collar can help reduce excessive barking and help your pup learn when it is appropriate to bark.

Do Labradors Retreivers travel well?

Labradors and Car Travel

Labradors, with their adaptable and easy-going nature, generally handle car travel quite well.

Labradors, with their adaptable and easy-going nature, generally handle car travel quite well.

However, it’s important to introduce car travel to them gradually, starting with short trips before progressing to longer journeys.

Ensuring they have a comfortable and secure space in the vehicle is crucial. Using a dog seat belt or a travel crate can help keep your Labrador safe during the journey.

Labradors and Public Transport

Regarding public transport, Labradors can be trained to behave appropriately. However, first familiarise them with the sights, sounds, and movements associated with buses or trains before embarking on a long journey.

If you are planning a long trip, it’s best to familiarise them with a short journey first to ensure they’re comfortable.

Always check the rules and regulations of the transport provider regarding travelling with pets.

Pro Tip: It’s important to make sure your Labrador is wearing a secure collar and ID tag when travelling in public places.

Labradors and Air Travel

Labradors, known for their adaptable and friendly disposition, can generally manage air travel.

However, it’s crucial to prepare them for this experience gradually, starting with short, calm exposure to the travel crate and the sounds and sensations associated with air travel before progressing to the real experience.

Labradors are generally known for their adaptable and outgoing nature, which can make them good travel companions.

Labradors are generally known for their adaptable and outgoing nature, which can make them good travel companions.

Many Labradors enjoy exploring new environments and are comfortable with changes in routine, and they also tend to be social dogs who enjoy meeting new people and other dogs, which should help them feel at ease during their travels. 

Remember, each dog is unique and may react differently to the experience of air travel. It’s always best to consider your dog’s health, temperament, and comfort when deciding whether to travel with them by plane.

General Tips for Travelling with Labradors

Regardless of the mode of transport, always ensure your Labrador has had a chance to exercise and relieve themselves before the journey.

Bring along their favourite toys and blankets to provide comfort, and don’t forget to pack enough food, water, and any necessary medications.

Buying or adopting a Labrador Retriever puppy

Tips on Choosing a Lab Puppy

  • Do your research: Before you decide to buy or adopt a puppy, make sure that you have thoroughly researched the breed – including their potential health issues and personality traits.
  • Visit a breeder: If you’re buying from a breeder, always visit them in person and ask plenty of questions about the pup’s background as well as the parents.
  • Check for reputable rescues or shelters: Reputable rescue organisations can be an excellent resource for finding puppies or adult rescue dogs who are looking for homes.
  • Consider age: Puppies require more attention and training than older dogs, while adult dogs may already have learned certain habits that may need to be unlearned. Consider these factors before making your decision.
  • Assess temperament and energy levels: Personality is important when choosing a dog! Spend time with any pups or adult dogs before adopting – assess their temperament to ensure they match what you’re looking for. Likewise, consider how active they are (or aren’t) so you can choose one whose activity level suits your lifestyle best.
  • Have realistic expectations: Whether it’s a puppy or an adult dog, understand that no dog will ever be perfectly trained right away; it will take time and patience to get them accustomed to their new home.

What are the different types of Labradors ?

English Labs vs American Labs

  • English (show) Labs
  • American (working) Labs

Labradors are one of the most popular dog breeds in the world and come in two distinct types – English Labs and American Labs. Both are lovable family dogs, but there are some notable differences between the two.

English Labs, also known as “show” Labs, were bred for conformation shows and are typically heavier and more stocky in size. They have a shorter muzzle, broad chest and shorter legs.

English Labs vs American Labs

American Labs, also referred to as “working” Labs, were bred for physical activities such as hunting or retrieving. They tend to be leaner and taller than their English counterparts, with longer muzzles, narrower chests and longer legs.

Both types of Labradors have loving and loyal personalities, so it’s important to choose the right one for you based on your lifestyle and needs. Remember, both English and American Labs need plenty of exercise, mental stimulation and love.

The Pros and Cons of Owning a Labrador Retriever

What are the pros of owning a Labrador Retriever?

  • Trainable and intelligent
  • Good-natured and friendly disposition
  • Highly affectionate and loyal to their owners
  • Generally healthy breed with few health issues
  • Adapts well to a variety of climates
  • Great with children, other pets, and strangers
  • Ideal size for most households
  • Relatively low maintenance grooming requirements

What are the cons of owning a Labrador Retriever?

  • Excessive barking and destructive chewing if not properly trained
  • High energy level that requires regular exercise or activity
  • Prone to obesity if not properly monitored
  • Prices can vary significantly depending on the breeder and type of Lab
  • Sheds heavily, especially during seasonal changes
  • May require additional obedience training or socialisation due to their active personalities
  • Can become destructive or anxious if left alone for long periods of time.

What is The Cost of Owning a Labrador Retriever?

Initial Purchase Cost

The initial cost of buying a Labrador Retriever from a breeder can vary widely depending on the breed and pedigree. Typically, show dogs or those with champion bloodlines will cost more than regular pet-quality Labradors.

Prices for KC-registered puppies can range anywhere from £1000 to over £3000 in the UK [4]. In comparison, pet-quality puppies from a responsible breeder typically cost between £400 and £1000.

Adopting or rescuing a Labrador Retriever is usually less expensive than buying one from a breeder. Adoption fees for adult Labs range from around £250 depending on the individual rescue organization, while puppy adoption fees can range from £250 to £400.

Most expensive dog breeds UK

Image Source: Sambla.SE

When adopting a Labrador Retriever, it’s important to consider the additional costs associated with your new pet, such as vaccinations, spaying or neutering, and routine medical care.

Additionally, you may need to purchase supplies such as a bed, collar and leash, toys, and food bowls, which can add up quickly.

Regular Expenses

  • Food and treats
  • Veterinary care
  • Grooming & Supplies
  • Training
  • Insurance
  • Boarding/daycare
  • Dog walker/pet sitter
  • Fees for activities such as agility classes or doggie daycare can also add up quickly.

Overall, the cost of owning a Labrador Retriever can vary significantly depending on your individual needs. However, with proper care and training, this loving breed can bring years of joy to you and your family.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Is the Life Expectancy of a Labrador Retriever?

Labrador Retrievers typically enjoy a life span of around 10 to 14 years. This can, of course, vary based on numerous factors, including diet, exercise, and overall health care. Regular vet check-ups and a healthy, balanced lifestyle can greatly contribute to Labrador’s longevity.

Do Labrador Retrievers Get Along with Other Pets?

Absolutely, they do! Labrador Retrievers are renowned for their sociable and amiable disposition. They generally get on splendidly with other dogs and even cats, particularly when they’ve been properly socialised from a young age.

However, it’s always sensible to supervise initial introductions and interactions with other pets, as every dog is unique.

How Can I Tell if a Labrador Retriever Is Purebred?

Ascertain whether a Labrador Retriever is purebred can be a bit tricky without proper documentation. Ideally, a purebred Labrador will come with papers from a recognised kennel club, like The Kennel Club in the UK, which certifies its pedigree.

Physical characteristics can provide some indicators, but for a surefire confirmation, a DNA test would be the most reliable method.

What Kind of Health Checks Should My Labrador Retriever Have, and How Often?

Regular vet check-ups are paramount for your Labrador Retriever’s health. These should be scheduled at least once a year for a general health assessment and vaccinations.

Since Labradors can be prone to certain health conditions, such as hip and elbow dysplasia, regular screenings for these issues are recommended. Regular weight checks are also advised due to Labradors’ tendency for weight gain.


Labradors are beloved family pets who are known for their intelligence, loyalty and affectionate nature. Whether you choose an English or American Lab, both types of this breed require plenty of exercise, mental stimulation and love to stay happy and healthy.

If you’re looking for a pup or adult dog to join your family, do your research first to find the perfect fit.

Sources –

  1. Retriever (Labrador) | Breeds A to Z | The Kennel Club. Published 2020. Accessed June 18, 2023.
  2. Treating Separation Anxiety in Dogs | RSPCA. Published 2017. Accessed June 18, 2023.
  3. How Long Can You Leave a Dog or Puppy Alone? | Purina. Published 2021. Accessed June 18, 2023.
  4. Find a puppy | The Kennel Club. Published 2018. Accessed June 19, 2023.
  5. Sambla. The Most Expensive Dog Breeds of All Time – Sambla. Published 2022. Accessed June 19, 2023.